Modern pentathletes fence using an epee, which is a sharp-pointed duelling sword with its end blunted. The target area is the entire body from head to toe. Bouts last for one minute, or until one hit or touch is scored. Pentathletes fence every pentathlete in the competition, in a round robin format. Points are awarded according to the ratio of bouts won to bouts lost.
Swimming – Pentathletes swim 200, 100, or 50 metres depending on their age. Freestyle or front crawl is the stroke of choice because it is the fastest. The faster the time the more points the athlete earns.
Equestrian Riding Pentathletes do not ride their own horse in competition. Instead, pentathletes draw a number to determine their horse. Athletes have a 20-minute warm-up and five practice jumps before entering the riding course. The course consists of 12 jumps including a double and a triple jump. Athletes are awarded 300 pentathlon points at the start of the competition and lose points for missing jumps and time faults.
The finale of the pentathlon is the combined run and shoot event. Competitors alternate between four rounds of shooting with laser pistols at 10 metre distance at a target within a 50-second time frame and Four 800 metre runs. Competitors begin the combined shooting and running event in the order of their finish in the previous three events combined, and the first athlete to cross the finish line after the fourth 800 metre run is the winner of the competition.